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A New View on Regular Eye Checkups and Retina Tests

Having healthy eyes is paramount – and any eye-related problems should be taken seriously. The majority of people wait to get a eye checkup until they have an issue with their vision. However, the severity of vision deficits can be avoided if they are detected early through routine eye exams.

Why are Retina Examinations Important?

Retinal diseases are frequently found in older adults and are of various types. Being diagnosed with one should be a major concern — damage of the retina is irreversible and the effects can be difficult to control.

When you notice any signs of vision loss, it’s essential to understand that you can’t get lost vision back. But you can slow it down and prevent further damage.

And this is why having your retinas checked regularly is crucial. During a retinal exam, the doctor may detect anomalies and damages present in your retina.

When Should You Start Getting Your Retinas Examined Regularly?

Regardless of your age, every comprehensive eye exam includes a retinal examination. In the case of a refractive error or any other condition, you’ll have to seriously consider consulting with a eye doctor.

For young adults, getting their eyes checked at least every four years should be a priority. For individuals close to 40, having eye exams at least every two years regardless of any past conditions is crucial.

Individuals in the age range 50 and above should be going for eye checkups. Diabetic men and women should be getting their eyes checked annually or biannually as they are at greater risk for diabetic retinopathy.

Who Should Go For A Retina Test?

Although all of us should be going for retinal eye checkups annually, individuals diagnosed with the following conditions must take control of their retinal health more seriously.

  • Diabetes: When high levels of blood sugar are left unchecked and uncontrolled, the body can lose control over the disease, and the chances of the retina getting damaged in the process spike.
  • Macular degeneration: As you age, the central region in the retina, the macula, begins to wear and tear. This will result in blurry vision and individuals may have difficulty focusing on an object.
  • Dry macular degeneration: A type of macular degeneration, dry macular degeneration is a commonly diagnosed eye condition. It is characterized by thinning blood vessels that cause difficulty when focusing on objects.
  • Wet macular degeneration: A second and more fatal type of macular degeneration, wet macular degeneration causes rapid vision loss and is a result of retinal vessels growing abnormally.
  • Glaucoma: When the optic nerve is damaged, glaucoma begins to develop. The condition is characterized by the accumulation of fluid in front of the eye. Glaucoma at its advanced stages can result in blindness, but further side-effects can be controlled by using special eye drops.

What Happens During a Retina Examination?

During a retinal examination, your ophthalmologist will first observe the structures present at the back of the eye. The pupils are then dilated, the doctor will focus a bright light and see through a microscope to study and assess the optic nerve, retina, and blood vessels. The entire process can be generally broken down into four steps:

  • Dilating the Eyes: Using drops that will widen the eyes, your doctors will dilate them to enable light to enter and create a clear view of your eye’s insides.
  • Tonometry Test: In order to measure the internal pressure in the eye, a tonometry test is administered. Doing this helps the ophthalmologist detect and identify any signs of glaucoma. Air is then blown directly into the eye or a tip (that is sensitive to pressure) is positioned near or up against the eye.
  • Visual Field Test: To measure your eye’s entire scope, the center and peripheral fields will be taken into account. Each eye is tested individually. Other devices will also be used to track your ability to maintain a straight-ahead gaze.
  • Visual Acuity Test: This test entails reading an eye chart. This is the most well-known of all eye tests.

If you are experiencing any issues with your eyesight, visit MM Chokshi Eye Hospital for a quick check-up.

Look at the world with more clarity. Book an appointment today.

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